BDSM (bondage and discipline, dominance and distribution, and sadism and masochism) increasingly gets attention through the clinical community. Where earlier research efforts mainly dedicated to epidemiologic traits, mental and biologic facets driving BDSM preferences have recently gained interest as well.To bring together most of the existing literature that is scientific BDSM from a biopsychosocial perspective.Based regarding the PRISMA directions, the existing systematic review brings together all the existing literature on BDSM from the biopsychosocial viewpoint.Prevalence rates of BDSM interests were examined when you look at the literary works, along with the associations between BDSM passions on one side and personality characteristics, undesirable youth experiences, education amounts, intimate orientations and biological markers on the other side.


Biologic facets such as for example gender identification, sex hormones amounts, as well as the neurologic constitution associated with the brain’s reward and pain systems influence BDSM orientation. Both personality traits (eg, higher levels of openness or extraversion) and the presence of a personality disorder have been associated with a heightened interest in BDSM, although only limited supporting evidence is available with regard to psychological factors. Continue reading “”